Recurring Deposit Calculator 2019 - 2020
Recurring deposit or RD is a type of term deposit where people save a fixed amount in their banks on a monthly basis. The facility is available both at the Post Office and the various Indian banks and allows people to build a fund by small contributions on a monthly basis. The special feature of RD is its high interest rate which is better than the interest rate offered for fixed deposit. The investment scheme is meant for salaried people who get a specific sum each month in their salaries and likewise have enough to spare in the deposit. The duration of RD varies from six months to up to 10 years.
The interest rates vary according to the contributory amount and the deposit tenure. The banks offer similar rates of interest as offered on term deposits.
Different banks offer different tenures that range from six months to ten years. The maturity amount can only withdrawn on maturity but in case of premature liquidation, account will be closed.
The mature value is the total amount saved along with accumulated interest. The amount could be paid in cash or directed to your bank account. The actual maturity value of a particular deposit is indicated at the time of opening of the RD account.
Loans could be easily availed by using RDs as collateral. A person can avail a loan amount in the range of 80% to 90% on the deposit value.
Tax Deducted at Source
The government has recently placed Recurring Deposits under taxable income. The money that is invested in a recurring deposit on an annual basis will be regarded as a part of the investor’s yearly income. With effect from June 2015, tax deducted at source (TDS) is applicable on recurring deposits. There is a 10% TDS on interests exceeding Rs. 10 thousand on a deposit, while a 20% TDS will be charged if the depositor does not submits the PAN information. The RD holder would also have to declare interest earned and pay income tax on this amount. If the income lies under the non-taxable income slab, the depositor still has to submit the Form 15G to be taxed for both fixed and recurring deposits.
Different banks have different policies related to late payments where some banks may penalize you, while others waive this penalty.
A person can withdraw the RD before the maturity date after suffering a penalty charge along with a levied penalty on the interest rate.
How to Fund a Recurring Deposit
- A depositor can make a direct payment on or by the due date by making a personal visit to the bank branch.
- The depositor could leave a standing instruction to debit his or her bank account with the monthly amount on the due date.
ELIGIBILITY for Recurring Deposit Account
All citizens of Indian nationality are eligible for Recurrent Deposits.
- Resident Indians.
- Hindu Undivided Families.
- Minors could open RD under a guardian.
- Sole proprietorship, Partnerships, Corporations, Trust, societies, clubs etc.
- NRIs can also open RD schemes.
Documents Required for Recurring Deposits
- Two recent passport photographs.
- Duly filled and signed application form.
- KYC documents.
- Other documents as requested by the bank.
Top RD Interest Paying Banks
Listed below are the names of banks that provide best interest rates for RD schemes:
- Deutsche Bank offers 8.25% p.a. for 5-year deposits, which is the best Indian RD rate.
- For 1-year tenure, the number one bank is the Lakshmi Vilas Bank with 7.75% p.a., followed by IndusInd Bank at 7.60%.
- For 2-year tenure, the best interest rates are offered by Lakshmi Vilas Bank at 7.85% p.a., followed by IndusInd Bank at 7.75%.
- For 3-year and 4-year tenures, again Lakshmi Vilas Bank tops the list at 7.85% p.a., closely followed by J&K Bank at 7.55%.
- Overall, Lakshmi Vilas Bank offers 7.85% to 7.75% on its 1-to-5-year RD accounts, one of the best interest rates.
- Other top interest paying banks are IndusInd Bank (interest rate 7.25% to 7.75%), Bandhan Bank (interest rate 6.40% to 7.50%), City Union Bank of India (interest rate 6.70% to 7.35%), and South Indian Bank (interest rate 7% to 7.40%).
|Name of Bank||Interest Rate for 1 year||Interest Rate for 2 years||Interest Rate for 3 years||Interest Rate for 4 years||Interest Rate for 5 years||Interest Rate for more than 5 Years|
|Lakshmi Vilas Bank||>7.75%||>7.85%||>7.85%||>7.85%||>7.85%||>7.85%|
|IndusInd Bank||>7.60%||>7.75%||>7.35%||>7.35%||>7.35%- 7.50%||>7.25%|
|J & K Bank||>7.55%||>7.55%||>7.55%||>7.55%||>6.75%||>6.75%|
|South Indian Bank||>7.40%||>7.00%||>7.25%||>7.25%||>7.25%||>7.25%|
|Bandhan Bank||>7.35%||>7.50%||>7.50%||>7.50%||>7.50%||>6.40%- 7.50%|
|City Union Bank of India||>7.35%||>7.35%||>7.35%||>7.35%||>7.35%||>6.70%|
The banks may change their rate of interests on RD schemes at any moment of time; hence, it is essential to enquire with the bank authorities before investing in an RD account. The rates mentioned here are applicable as of 7 June 2019.
How RD Maturity is Calculated?
In Recurring Deposits, interest amounts get compounded on a quarterly basis. This is subsequently added up and the final amount that a depositor may receive could be calculated. The below mentioned formula is used to calculate compound interest -
A = P (1 + r/n) ^ nt
- ‘A’ signifies final amount procured
- ‘P’ signifies principal or the amount that has been initially invested
- ‘r’ signifies annual interest rate, counted in decimal
- ‘n’ signifies the number of times that interest has been compounded on a yearly basis
- ‘t’ signifies time frame of the scheme
Recurring Deposit Interest Calculation Example
Vinay makes an initial deposit of Rs.1 lakh for a time frame of five years at an interest rate of 8%. Hence, according to the above formula, Vinay’s final maturity amount would be Rs.1.5 lakh.